2018年6月英语四级卷2阅读解析,2018年6月英语四级

2019-11-04 02:34栏目:留学信息
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  [定位] the three Olympic class ships 定位到第一段

  C) They all experienced terrible misfortunes。

  B。 The utmost comfort passengers could enjoy。

  54。 A) Their unscientific designs。

  [解析]文中提到WSL decided to focus on making them the most luxurious ships on the water这个人打算把它们打造成水上最豪华的船只。选项ACD都是关于船只的航行能力而非奢华程度,选项B乘客能享受到的最舒服的服务,与原文相近,所以选B。

  A) She was used to carry troops。

  [解析]文中提到Eventually, she was taken out of service in 1935最终解除服役,选择答案D。选项AC文中都有提到,但不符合题目“in the end”的要求。选项B无中生有。

  [译文]Buses used to be the main means of transportation for Chinese people。 In recent years, due to the increasing number of private cars, traffic problems in cities have become increasingly severe。 In order to encourage more people to travel by bus, many cities have been trying to improve the quality of bus service。 The facilities of buses are constantly being updated, and the speed has also been increased significantly, while bus fares are still quite low。 Nowadays, in most cities, many local elderly citizens can take buses for free。

  [解析]文中提到they were all designed with double hulls 两艘沉船都设计成了双船体,人们认为它们是不可能沉没的,紧接着作者说,这个错误的想法可能导致了两个悲剧的发生。因此答案选D认为双船体的结构不可能沉没的想法可能导致了悲剧的发生。选项ABC未提到,无中生有。

  55。 D) She was retired after her naval service。

  [解析]文中最后一句提到,but they seemed cursed to suffer disastrous fates但他们似乎都被厄运所诅咒,与选项C对应,它们都遭受了不幸。选项A偷梁换柱,文中说的是they were marvels of sea engineering而不是 they performed,BD选项无中生有。

  解析:根据关键词 the fourth stack of the ships。定位到“but the fourth stack was actually just artistic in nature and served no functional purpose。 ”文意第四个栈有艺术感但是没有任何功能性的用途。故答案选择A。

  C。 They all experienced terrible misfortunes。

  解析:题干大意白星航运公司在购买三艘船时考虑到了什么?定位句:“White Star Line decided to focus on marking them the most luxurious ships on the water。”想要他们成为水上最奢华的船。据此答案选择B。

  55。

  In order to encourage more people to travel by bus, many cities have been trying to improve the quality of bus service。

  52。

  B) Their captains’ misjudgment。

  四级阅读Section C第二套

  D) They were models of modern engineering。

  D。 The belief that they could never sink with a double-layer body。

  The Olympic suffered two crashes with other ships and went on to serve as a hospital ship and troop transport in World WarⅠ。 Eventually, she was taken out of service in 1935, ending the era of the luxurious Olympic class ocean liners。

  来源:新东方在线

  来源:新东方

  A。 It was a mere piece of decoration。

太阳集团娱乐官方网站 ,  The facilities of buses are constantly being updated, and the speed has also been increased significantly, while bus fares are still quite low。

  54。

  Passage Two

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下是英语四级第二套卷的阅读试题解析:

  The Olympic launched first in 1910, followed by the Titanic in 1911, and lastly the Britannic in 1914。 The ships had nine decks, and White Star Line decided to focus on marking them the most luxurious ships on the water。

  D。 She was retired after her naval service。

  51。 What does the passage say about the three Olympic class ships?

  [解析]文中提到but the fourth stack was actually just artistic in nature and served no functional purpose但fourth stack实际上只是艺术品而没有实际的功能。因此答案选A基本上只是装饰品。BCD选项无中生有。

2018年6月英语四级卷2阅读解析,2018年6月英语四级第一套卷真题及答案。  You probably know about the Titanic, but it was actually just one of three state-of-the art (最先进的) ocean ships back in the day。 The Olympic class ships were built by the Harland & Wolff ship makers in Northern Ireland for the White Star Line company。 The Olympic class included the Olympic, the Britannic and the Titanic。 What you may not know is that the Titanic wasn’t even the flagship of this class。 All in all, the Olympic class ships were marvels of sea engineering, but they seemed cursed to suffer disastrous fates。

  53。

  A) Their capacity of sailing across all waters。

  [定位]根据fourth stack定位到文中第四段。

  52。 B) The utmost comfort passengers could enjoy。

  51。

  C) It was designed to let out extra smoke。

  [定位]Olympic in the end定位到最后一段。

  ① 公交车曾是中国人出行的主要交通工具。

  Passage Two

  ⑥ 现在,在大多数城市,许多当地老年市民都可以免费乘坐公交车。

  [定位]White Star Line 定位到第二段。

  In recent years, due to the increasing number of private cars, traffic problems in cities have become increasingly severe。

  [定位]根据tragic of Titanic and Britannic定位到第四段最后一句。

  C) The assumption that they were built with the latest technology。

  Stretching 269.13 meters, the Olympic class ship were wonders of naval technology, and everyone thought that they would continue to be so for quite some time。 However, all suffered terrible accidents on the open seas。 The Olympic got wrecked before the Titanic did, but it was the only one survive and maintain a successful career of 24 years。 The Titanic was the first to sink after famously hitting a huge iceberg in 1912。 Following this disaster, the Britannic hit a naval mine in 1916 and subsequently sank as well。

  C)Their ability to survive disasters of any kind。

  第四句主语为“设施”,动词为“更新“,设施不能自己“更新”,所以需要使用被动句,后半个分句同理,做并列句处理即可,注意“不断”需要翻译成进行时,“有了”处理成现在完成时。词汇方面副词“显著”如果不会,译成“greatly”也无妨。第五句“然而”转折对比,可直接用连词while跟前句连接合成一句形成长句,票价“是”低廉的,用主系表结构表示。

  Each ship was coal-powered by several boilers constantly kept running by exhausted crews below deck。 Most recognizable of the ship designs are the ship‘s smoke stacks, but the fourth stack was actually just artistic in nature and served no functional purpose。 While two of these ship sank, they were all designed with double hulls (船体) believed to make them “unsinkable”, perhaps a mistaken idea that led to the Titanic’s and the Britannic‘s tragic end。

  Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to translate a passage from Chinese into English。 You should write your answer on Answer sheet 2。

  B) It was the work of a famous artist。

  A) It was a mere piece of decoration。

  D) She was retired after her naval service。

  Questions 51 to 55 are based on the following passage。

  D) The belied that they could never sink with a double-layer body。

  ③ 许多城市为了鼓励更多人乘公交车出行,一直在努力改善公交车的服务质量。

  公交车曾是中国人出行的主要交通工具。近年来,由于私家车数量不断增多,城市的交通问题越来越严重。许多城市为了鼓励更多人乘公交车出行,一直在努力改善公交车的服务质量。车辆的设施不断更新,车速也有了显著提高。然而,公交车的票价却依然相当低廉。现在,在大多数城市,许多当地老年市民都可以免费乘坐公交车。

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  B) The utmost comfort passengers could enjoy。

  Part IV Translation (30 minutes)

  第三句中两个动词,第一个动词前有“为了”自然使用动词不定式表示目的,可用短语“in order to”引导放在句首,第二个动词为主句谓语动词,主谓宾结构,注意“一直”需要翻译成现在完成进行时。

  51。 C) They all experienced terrible misfortunes。

  ⑤ 然而,公交车的票价却依然相当低廉。

  第六句为主谓宾结构,“老年市民”用senior citizens/elderly citizens均可,注意尽量不要使用old people。

  ④ 车辆的设施不断更新,车速也有了显著提高。

  ② 近年来,由于私家车数量不断增多,城市的交通问题越来越严重。

  D) It was easily identifiable from afar。

  Nowadays, in most cities, many local elderly citizens can take buses for free。

  53。 What is said about the fourth stack of the ships?

  A) Their unscientific designs。

  A) They performed marvelously on the sea。

  Buses used to be the main means of transportation for Chinese people。

  D)The long voyages they were able to undertake。

  52。 What did White Star line have in mind when it purchased the three ships?

  B) She was sunk in World War I。

  解析:问题奥林匹克船最后发生了什么。定位句“Eventually, she was taken out of service in 1935。”taken out of service和retired 同义词转换,故选择D。

  C) She was converted into a hospital ship。

  解析:题干大意是什么可能导致了Titanic和Britannic的悲剧。定位到原文 “they were all designed with double hulls (船体) believed to make them “unsinkable”, perhaps a mistaken idea that led to the Titanic‘s and the Britannic’s tragic end。” 故选择A,正是这种不科学的设计导致其覆亡。原文double hulls指双船体,选项D中为double layer body为双层船体,二者不是同一概念,故排除选项D。

  54。 What might have led to the tragic end of the Titanic and the Britannic?

  解析:题干关键词the three Olympic class ships。根据顺序原则回原文定位到第一段最后一句话 “All in all, the Olympic class ships were marvels of sea engineering, but they seemed cursed to suffer disastrous fates。”重点在but转折后,文意这三艘船似乎都被诅咒遭遇遭遇灾难性的命运。故答案选择C.terrible misfortunes是 disastrous fates的同义转换。

  B) They could all break the ice in their way。

  第二句句式也为主系表,使用“become”比be动词更能体现出变化。词汇方面“私家车”用private cars即可,“越来越”可用副词increasingly表示。

  [解析]

  55。 What happened to the ship Olympic in the end?

  53。 A) It was a mere piece of decoration。

  第一句句式为简单的主系表,“曾是”用used to be表示。词汇方面注意主语“公交车”为可数名词需要用复数形式buses,“交通工具”用vehicle/means of transportation/transportation tool均可。

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